Ya'juj Ma'juj (Gog and Magog)
In Islam, they
are known as Ya'juj and Ma'juj (or Ajuj and Majuj). The Bible in English refers to
them as Gog and MaGog. The emergence of the mighty Ya'juj and Ma'juj
is also a major sign of Qiyamah (Day of Resurrection).
Allah says in the Qur'an, "When Ya'juj and Ma'juj are let loose (from their Barrier) and they swiftly swarm from every mound..." (Surah Al-Anbiya 21: 96)
Allah says in the Qur'an, " (Zul-Qarnain) said, 'This (barrier) is a mercy from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes, He shall level it (the barrier) down to the ground. And the promise of my Lord is ever true." (Surah Al-Kahf 18 : 98)
In the lengthy Hadith of Al-Nawwas bin Sam'an, it has been mentioned, "And Allah will send Yajuj and Ma'juj and they will come from every lofty place." (Sahih Muslim)
1. Ya'juj Ma'juj (Gog & MaGog) and Zul-Qarnain
Thousands of years ago, the barbarous tribes of Yajuj and Ma'juj were imprisoned behind an iron wall built by Zul-Qarnain. Referred to in the Qur'an in Surah Al-Kahf, Zul-Qarnain was a pious and just king. He believed in Allah as the one and only god. Allah provided him with all forms of strength through which he was able to carry his conquests. He is a mysterious figure. Zul-Qarnain seems to be just a title which has two meanings in Arabic: (a) the one who has two horns, (b) the one who affects two Ages. It is unknown who he is or the period in history in which he actually lived and ruled. Many scholars have suggested that he could be Alexander the Great because Alexander the Great is known in Arabic as Alexander Zul-Qarnain. However, many modern Muslim scholars disagree with this conclusion because Alexander the Great was not a monotheistic believer in God.
Once Zul-Qarnain carried out a expeditions in three directions, the far West, far East, and then in a northerly direction. Travelling first in the westerly direction, Zul-Qarnain conquered the lands he passed through establishing the laws of Allah therein until he reached the setting of the sun. There, Zul-Qarnain met people that didn't believe in Allah. Given a choice of punishing them for their Kufr (Disbelief) or being lenient by inviting them first to Islam; he chose the latter and addressed them, ''Those evil-doers who do injustice to themselves by rejecting Allah will be punished by death in this World and in the hereafter, the fire of Hell is their abode. As for those who accept the invitation and believe in Allah, they will be treated leniently and in the hereafter Paradise is their place of rest.''
After the expedition towards the West, Zul-Qarnain made preparation for the expedition towards the East. Conquering the lands he passed through, establishing he laws of Allah therein. Zul-Qarnain continued travelling in an easterly direction until he reached the rising of the sun. In this area of the East, he saw a nation receiving the sunshine without any obstruction. He dealt with them in the same manner he dealt with the people in the West.
After the expedition to the East, Zul-Qarnain started his northern expedition. He kept
on travelling until he reached the midst of two mountains, it was here that
Zul-Qarnain came across a tribe who complained to him about the tribes of Ya'juj
and Ma'juj. Ya'juj and Ma'juj inhabited the land behind the mountains, plundered
them, committed bloodshed, and then ran away. Observing Zul-Qarnain's power,
they asked to set a barrier in return for a tribute for their protection from
the atrocities and bloodshed, which they often bore at the hands of Ya'juj Ma'juj.
Refusing to accept any tribute, he built an iron wall (or barrier) with their help
which Ya'juj Ma'juj could not cross or pierce. (Qurtubi, Ibn-Kathir)
2. The Wall of Zul-Qarnain
Many different opinions have been expressed as to the location of the iron wall
of Zul-Qarnain, such as:
3. Break Free of the Iron Wall
Their emergence, which is one of the signs of the Hour. However, its first indications were present during the time of the Prophet. Zainab-bint-Jahsh says: "Once the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم awoke from such a sleep that his face was red and uttering the following words with his tongue, ' There is none worthy of worship but Allah. Destruction is upon the Arabs due to the evil which has come close to them. Today, a hole has been opened in the barrier (wall) of Ya’juj and Ma’juj, like this ', and he made a circle with his index finger and thumb indicating the size of the hole." (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim)
Few years after the death
of Prophet Mohammad
صلى الله عليه وسلم,
one of Muslim caliphs (ruler) sent an expedition to check out the iron wall
Zul-Qarnain and they discovered that it had already been ruined. So, that means
Gog & Magog (or at least a portion of them) have already been set free and they
are roaming the World, spreading mischief, oppression and disobedience to God.
Emergence of Ya'juj Ma'juj (Gog & Magog) before the
Day of Resurrection
Abu Huraira [r.a.] said that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
"Ya'juj and Ma'juj dig into the barrier every day, until when they almost see the light of the sun, the one in charge of them says: "Go back home and dig again tomorrow." So they go home, and it returns to being as thick as it was before.
Then when their time has come, and Allah ['azza wa-jall] wishes to send them upon the people, they will dig until when they almost see the light of the sun, the one in charge of them will make an exception by saying: "Go back home and dig again tomorrow, if Allah wills." Then they will come back to it and find it as they had left it. So they will dig through it, and come out upon the people. They will drink all the water, and the people will go for protection to their fortresses.
So they [i.e. Ya'juj and Ma'juj] will shoot their arrows into the sky, and they will come back with the appearance of having blood on them. So they will say: "We have overcome the inhabitants of the earth, and conquered the inhabitants of the heaven." Then, Allah will send down upon them an-naghf in their necks which will kill them."
Then the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: "By He in Whose Hand is my soul, the beasts of the earth will be fattened and nourished from their flesh and blood." (Musnad Ahmad)
Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم say:
"Ya'juj and Ma'juj will open the barrier and come out against the people as Allah [ta'ala] said: "from every slope, pouring down." [Al-Anbiya': 96] So they will wreak havoc on the earth, and the Muslims will take cover in their cities and fortresses, taking their herds with them.
And they [i.e. Ya'juj and Ma'juj] will drink the waters of the earth until one of them will pass by a river, then they will all drink from it until they leave it dry, until one who comes after them will pass that river and say: "There was once water here."
Then, when there is no one from the people remaining except that he has gone to a fortress or a city, one of them will say: "We have finished with the inhabitants of the earth, now only the inhabitants of the heavens are left."
He said: "Then one of them will shake his spear and hurl it into the sky, and it will fall back down again soaked with blood, as a trial and test for them. So while they are like that, Allah will send a worm in their necks like an-naghf, which will eat its way out of their necks, so that they will all fall dead, and no sound will be heard from them.
So the Muslims will say: "Is there any man who will risk his life for us to see what this enemy is doing?"
He said: "So a man will stand up to do that, seeking Allah's reward, feeling that he will surely be a dead man. So he will go down and find them all dead, lying on top of each other. So he will call out: "O assembly of Muslims! Receive the good tidings that Allah has sufficed you against your enemy!" So they will come out of their cities and fortresses, and they will let their herds loose. They will find nothing for them to graze upon except their flesh [i.e. of Ya'juj and Ma'juj], but they will be nourished from it just as well as they had ever been nourished from any vegetation." (Al-Haakim)
حدثنا هشام بن عمار حدثنا يحيى
بن حمزة حدثنا ابن جابر عن يحيى بن جابر الطائي حدثني عبد الرحمن
بن جبير بن نفير عن أبيه أنه سمع النواس بن سمعان يقول
Al-Nawas bin Sam'an said that the Messenger of Allah said: " The Muslims, from the bows, arrows, and shields of Gog and Magog, will kindle fires (to heat themselves) for seven years." (Ibn Maja)
Nawwas bin Sam'an narrated that Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
" .... (After the Dajjal appears with his trails and tribulations,) it will at this very time that Allah will send the Messiah, son of Mary. He will descend at the white minaret on the eastern side of Damascus, wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he lowers his head, there will fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he raises it up, beads like pearls will scatter from it. Every non-believer who smells the odour of his body will die and his breath will reach as far as he is able to see. He will then go after (the Dajjal) until he catches him at the gate of Ludd (Israel) and kills him. Then, a people whom Allah had protected will come to Jesus, son of Mary, and he will wipe their faces and inform them of their ranks in Paradise.
It will be under such conditions that Allah will reveal to Jesus the following words: 'I have brought forth from among My servants such people against whom none will be able to fight; you take these people safely to Tur (mountain in Sinai, Egypt).' Then, Allah will send Gog and Magog and they will swarm down from every slope. The first of them (Gog and Magog) will pass the lake of Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) and drink out of it. And when the last of them passes, he will say: 'There was once water there.'
Jesus and his companions will then be besieged here (at Tur mountain, and they will be so hard pressed) to the extent that an ox will be more valuable to them than one hundred Dinars (Arabic currency). Allah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, Jesus, and his companions will supplicate to Allah, Who will send to them (Gog and Magog) insects (which will attack their necks) and in the morning, they would perish as one single person. Allah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, Jesus, and his companions will then come down (from Tur mountain) and they will not find as much space as a single span that is not filled with decomposed remains of Gog and Magog's corpses. Allah's Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said, Jesus, and his companions will then supplicate to Allah who will send birds whose necks would be like those (the necks) of Bactrian camels and they will carry them (Gog and Magog) away and throw them where Allah wills.
Then Allah will send rain which no house of mud-bricks or (tent of) camel-hair will keep out and it will wash the Earth until it resembles a mirror. Then, the Earth will be ordered (by Allah) to bring forth its fruit and restore its blessing and, as a result thereof, pomegranate will grow that will be enough for a group of people to eat and seek shelter under its skin. A dairy cow will give so much milk that (will be enough for) a group of people to drink. The milking camel will give so such milk that a whole tribe will be able to drink from it...
At that time, Allah will send a pleasant wind which will soothe (people) even under their armpits. He will take the life of every Muslim and only the wicked will survive who will commit adultery like donkeys and the Last Hour would come to them." (Sahih Muslim)
In the New Testament of the Bible, there is a similar prophesy said by Jesus regarding the believers who will flee to the mountains:
"When you see 'the abomination that causes desolation' standing where it does not belong--let the reader understand--then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains." (Mark 13:14 )
5. Other narrations about Yajuj & Majuj
Abdullah-bin-Amr narrated that Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Ya'juj and Ma'juj are the children of Prophet Adam عليه السلام and not one will die until thousand are born to him.'' (Ibn Hajar Asqalani's Fat'h Al-Bari)
Abdullah-bin-Amr narrated that Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Allah divided mankind into ten parts. Nine tenths constitute Ya'juj and Ma'juj while the remaining one tenth constitutes the rest of mankind." (Ibn Hajar Asqalani's Fat'h Al-Bari)
Hadrat Abu Saeed Khudri narrates that the Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "On the Day of Judgement, Allah will tell Adam عليه السلام to pick out the Jahanamis (people destined to Hell) from his progeny. Adam عليه السلام will ask, "O Allah, who are they?" Allah will say,"999 out of 1000 are Jahanamis while one is a Jannati (people destined to Paradise)." On hearing this, the Sahaba over taken by fear asked, "Who will the ONE Jannati (people destined to Paradise) be?" The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, "Do not grieve, the 999 will be Yajuj and Ma'juj, while you will be the one Jannati (people destined to Paradise)." (Bukhari, Muslim)
"They are from the children of Adam. That is Adam عليه السلام had a wet dream, the semen inter-mingled with the earth and they were created from that Earth." (Ibn Hajar Asqalani's Fat'h Al-Bari) This narration is weak and objectionable as it is proven from many Hadiths that the Prophets of Allah do not have wet dreams because wet dreams are from Satan and the Prophets of Allah are protected from Satan.
It has also been narrated in Musnad Ahmad, that they have wide faces, small eyes, and their faces are like shields covered with skin.